Source Countries and
Drug Transit Zones: The Caribbean
the Central Caribbean, drug flights from Venezuela to Hispaniola
increased from 27 in the first three quarters of 2004 to 82
during the same period of 2006, and numbered 81 during the
first three quarters of 2007. The flow of drugs through Venezuela
has increased fivefold, from 57 metric tons in 2004, to around
250 metric tons of cocaine in 2007. (Source: National
Drug Control Strategy - 2008 Annual Report.)
The Caribbean, considered a natural bridge between North and South America,
serves as a transshipment region for drugs destined for U.S., African, and
European markets. Its strategic location and hundreds of islands and cays,
combined with a large volume of both commercial and non-commercial air/maritime
movement, makes the Caribbean an attractive region for drug trafficking organizations
(DTOs) seeking to conceal their illicit activities.
To counter this threat, the United States Government seeks to dismantle DTOs
operating throughout the region and stem the flow of illegal drugs, while expanding
the level of cooperation with partner nations (through security cooperation
initiatives and joint/combined operations) in order to strengthen law enforcement
and judicial institutions, combat money laundering and corruption, and reduce
violence in general.
In 2007, interdiction efforts throughout the Caribbean and other transit zone
areas complemented efforts in the source zone, in Mexico, on the Southwest
Border, and in the United States to create an unprecedented disruption in the
U.S. cocaine market identified through analyses of drug price, drug purity,
and other data.
For detailed reports on the drug trafficking situation in Caribbean countries
please refer to the Caribbean section of the State Department's International
Narcotics Control Strategy Report.