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Table 42. Amount of Opium Poppy Cultivated and Eradicated, Calendar Years 1990–2000 (Hectares)

Year

Afghanistan

Pakistan

Burma

Laos

Thailand

Colombia

Guatemala

Mexico1

Cultivated

1990

12,370

8,405

150,100

30,580

3,435

—

1,930

10,100

1991

17,190

8,645

160,000

29,625

3,000

2,316

1,721

10,130

1992

19,470

9,147

154,915

25,610

3,630

32,858

1,200

10,170

1993

21,080

7,136

166,404

26,040

2,880

29,821

864

11,780

1994

29,180

7,733

149,945

18,520

2,110

23,906

200

12,415

1995

38,740

6,950

154,070

19,650

2,330

10,300

125

13,500

1996

37,950

4,267

163,100

25,250

3,050

12,328

12

13,000

1997

39,150

4,754

165,651

28,150

2,700

13,572

10

12,000

1998

41,720

5,224

146,494

—

2,065

—

15

15,000

1999

51,500

2,767

99,300

—

1,643

—

1

11,500

2000

64,510

2,219

108,700

—

1,647

—

1

9,500

Eradicated

1990

—

185

—

0

720

—

1,085

4,650

1991

—

440

1,012

0

1,200

1,156

576

6,545

1992

—

977

1,215

0

1,580

12,858

470

11,583

1993

—

856

604

0

0

9,821

426

13,015

1994

—

463

3,345

0

0

3,906

150

11,036

1995

—

0

0

0

580

3,760

86

15,389

1996

—

867

0

0

880

6,028

12

14,671

1997

—

654

10,501

0

1,050

6,972

3

17,732

1998

—

2,194

16,194

—

715

—

12

17,449

1999

—

1,197

9,800

—

808

—

1

15,469

2000

—

1,704

0

—

757

9,254

1

15,300

— Data not available.

1The eradication figures shown for 1992–2000 are derived from data supplied by Mexican authorities to INCSR. The effective eradication figure is an estimate of the actual amount of crop destroyed—factoring in replanting, repeated spraying of one area, and other factors.

Source: U.S. Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, International Narcotics Control Strategy Report (1988–2001). Data for 1992–2000 are from the March 2001 report.




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